A study of a fleet of battery-electric trucks in Germany shows that short term gains can be enjoyed by hauliers – along with economic benefits.
The feasibility study, ‘Delivery traffic with battery trucks’ has been published as part of the project ‘ZeroEmissionDeliveries – Berlin’ illustrates the great potential of battery-electric trucks.
Fraunhofer ISI prepared the study on behalf of T&E Transport & Environment.
Now MAN Truck & Bus has welcomed the study’s results and points to the importance of government support for private and public charging infrastructure as a decisive factor for the implementation of battery-powered trucks.
This lack of infrastructure, MAN says, is also one of the biggest concerns of its customers when considering an investment in electric trucks.
‘Development of charging infrastructure must now have top priority’
The chief executive of MAN, Andreas Tostmann, said: “The development of charging infrastructure must now have top priority and be supported by the state.
“Legislators should also decide on preferential access for zero-emission trucks in cities in the medium term.”
He added that a charging core network with charging capacities of 700 kW to 1,000 kW must be established along the motorways in Europe by 2025.
Lecturer Dr Patrick Plötz led the feasibility study at Fraunhofer ISI and he said: “After evaluating all 9,500 truck tours to more than 540 logistics points, it is clear: the currently available ranges of battery trucks are often already sufficient today to manage all the urban truck tours analysed in the study and almost half of the regional tours considered with e-trucks.
“With optimised route planning and additional intermediate charging, the potential is even greater.
“For heavy trucks over 26 tonnes with very long daily journeys, however, electrification still remains a challenge given the current supply of vehicles.”
Operators should look at converting their truck fleet
The study that truck operators should look at converting their truck fleet in urban and regional delivery traffic as soon as possible.
MAN Truck & Bus says the study confirms its own experience and analyses.
In addition to electrification in urban areas, which would already be fully possible today, the results are trendsetting for regional applications, as around 50% of the routes studied would already be feasible with e-trucks.
The research makes clear that with improved battery technology, many additional applications and routes with electric trucks will be possible and economical in the short term.
‘Electrification of road freight transport is possible’
Ekaterina Boening, project manager for the feasibility study at T&E Germany, said: “The electrification of road freight transport is possible and promises economic advantages for companies.
“The next federal government must not be distracted by pseudo-solutions such as biofuels, e-fuels or gas trucks, because that would be a waste of time and money.”
The report makes clear that nearly 60% of the truck fleet analysed in North-East Germany can be electrified – and if 40% were to be battery-powered, the haulage firms would see immediate economic advantages.