Share This Post

Trucking Industry UK

HGV or LGV – Know the Difference

hgv or lgv

What is the difference between HGV or LGV training terms?

The Short term answer would be, there is no particular difference between HGV & LGV licence, which means both terms are the same. (HGV) – Heavy Goods Vehicle happens to be an old term & (LGV) – Large Goods Vehicle is the latest term used by European Union. But, since the history of licencing vehicles, these terms state some facts to clear the confusion, let’s find out where the HGV or LGV terms originated from.

Where did the terms originate from?

Just as the word ‘Licence’ with ‘c’ is a UK convention for nouns rather than ‘License’ with ‘s’ which is a verb in the US, the terms HGV or LGV are nothing but conventions abbreviated through time.


  • HGV – Heavy goods vehicles carry a gross weight of over 3,500k
  • LGV – Large goods vehicles carry gross weight under 3,500kg

LGV abbreviations can be quite confusing as it also refers to Light Goods Vehicles ranging from pickup trucks & vans carrying a gross weight of 3,500kg and below which can also be driven with a standard category – B car licence entitlement. Whereas, (HGVs) – Heavy goods vehicles are attributed to cover all the commercial vehicles with a featured gross combination weight of 3,500kg and above including flatbeds, Lutons, box vans & dropside trucks, etc.

If we can drive HGVs with above & below weight mass, then why do we keep seeing different licence categories? In simple terms, the reason is European tax laws were altered in 1992. it’s fair to abbreviate both vehicles to ‘LGVs’ – Large Goods Vehicles but, since the UK government presented the new road tax laws, Large Goods Vehicles were referred to as HGVs to categorize vehicles for tax justification.

The Catagory mainly differs from the vehicle’s core features that are the size, mass, engine, fuel type, and emissions to edict how much tax you need to pay. Therefore, the term HGV is simply an alternative way to describe Large Goods Vehicles to fundamentally avoid the confusion between both when it comes to tax evaluation.

So, which term should you consider while licencing?

HGV or LGV, consider the following table to understand a few licence types for vehicles covering from vans & ambulances to hinged lorries & auto transport trailers.

TypeGross WeightTrailer Mass
LGV C1Vehicles with 3,500kg – 7,500kgUpto 750kg
C1+EC1 Vehicles with 3,500kg – 7,500kgOver 750kg
CC1 Vehicles with 7,500kg – 32,000kgUpto 750kg
HGV C+EArticulated & Regid Vehicles up to 44,000kgOver 750kg


Here at FleetSpeak, we aspire to help the new drivers to navigate through the fleet industry. If you want to get the preferable licence for your professional driving career or a living job but still having trouble figuring out such terms, don’t hesitate to leave us a reply in the comment section below.

You can also contact us at [email protected]. Meanwhile, you can explore the site for getting more information on topics covering the latest FleetSpeak News & Content.

Share This Post

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>